Among the factors that contribute to health inequity is the quality and duration of education - from early childhood through post-secondary education and/or job training.
According to data from the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation (RWJF), it really is simple: adult life expectancy increases with increasing income. People in the highest-income group can expect to live at least six and a half years longer than poor men and women.
According to research compiled by the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation, the affordability of housing has clear implications for health. Housing is a social determinant of health for three main reasons: adequate and safe housing conditions, affordability, and residential stability. Housing instability can involve trouble paying rent, overcrowding, moving frequently, staying with relatives, or spending the bulk of household income on housing (spending more than 30% of their income on housing is considered “cost burdened”).
Social isolation is a state in which a person lacks a sense of belonging, isn’t engaging with others, and has few social connections and quality relationships. Social connections help give our lives purpose and meaning. When we have family, friends, and coworkers to celebrate and commiserate with, and when we feel part of our communities, we live longer, healthier lives.
All communities need access to healthy foods and safe places to play and be active—but not all communities have equal access. Low-income communities, particularly communities of color, are more likely to lack access to healthy foods and safe places to play and be active.
There is a growing body of research that illustrates the connection between “place” and health – and it is well documented that a person’s zip code can influence health more than their genetic code. The commission to build a Healthy America tells us that our homes and communities have enormous impact on our health.