Annual Reports

Achieving Health Equity through the Social Determinants of Health

Addressing the Social Determinants of Health: Why it Matters

A slide deck from Terry Allan, Cuyahoga County's Health Commissioner and SLF Trustee, on the Social Determinants of Health.

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What Do Foundations Have In Mind With The Phrase “Social Determinants of Health”?

"Foundations with a mission to improve health are heeding this call to address the social determinants of health (SDOH). Rather than focusing solely on improving health care and increasing healthy behaviors, a growing number of health foundations have developed strategies to reduce poverty, increase high school graduation rates, improve parenting, expand public transportation, reduce homelessness, increase civic engagement, and achieve a variety of other outcomes within the realm of SDOH."

A New Way to Talk About the Social Determinants of Health

A framework to effectively describe the social determinants of health in plain language, including key phrases to help people understand the concept more clearly and effective ways to use data to support these messages. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2010)

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Social Connectedness

An in-depth analysis of social connectedness as a social determinant of health, including personal and community factors, and strategies for both assessing and facilitating social connectedness. (Minnesota Department of Health, July 2010)

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Finding Leverage Over the Social Determinants of Health

An analysis of the strategic frameworks of 33 health conversion foundations addressing social and economic issues through the social determinants of health. (Wake Forest School of Medicine, 2018)

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How does economic and social disadvantage affect health?

Discusses how economic and social disadvantage affects health through indirect and direct mechanisms, and describes policy approaches to improve health and reduce health inequities by addressing the social determinants of health. (Institute for Research on Poverty, 2016-17)

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A Conceptual Framework for Action on the Social Determinants of Health

A review of different frameworks for understanding the social determinants of health synthesized into a single framework, with health equity as a guiding principle; identifies elements of policy directions for action. (World Health Organization, 2010)

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A new approach to reduce infant mortality and achieve equity

Describes how factors beyond medical care affect health in the context of infant mortality, focusing on housing, transportation, education and employment. Assesses the extent to which current policies and programs meet the needs of Ohioans most at risk. Identifies lessons learned from other states that have successfully reduced infant mortality rates, including innovative ideas to address the social determinants of health. Offers specific, actionable and evidence-informed policy options that state and local policymakers can employ to address unmet needs and inequities. (Health Policy Institute of Ohio)

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Health Equity

Closing Ohio's Health Gaps: Moving towards Equity

HPIO's new policy brief provides data and information on Ohio's health gaps and barriers groups of Ohioans face to being healthy. The brief provides examples of evidence-based approaches to close Ohio's health gaps and a framework for action to achieve health equity at the community level.

Measuring What Works to Achieve Health Equity

Provides a framework for understanding how disparities in health outcomes are produced and how health equity can be achieved by addressing the determinants of health and delineates a set of metrics that could reflect progress toward achieving health equity. Metrics that measure and track progress on the determinants of health can help set priorities and inform necessary actions to keep all Americans healthy, lower the cost of healthcare, increase productivity, improve quality of life, and ensure that everyone has an equal opportunity to prosper and achieve his or her full potential. (Prevention Institute, 2015)

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Nonprofit Management

Better Evaluation

A interactive guide to support evaluation processes, including information and resources about methods, measures, and themes.


The Center for Nonprofit Excellence. Provides board matching, governance consulting, a resource center, and pro bono project consulting in human resources, marketing, technology, finance and other areas of organizational need.

Small, But Mighty: A Resource for Small Nonprofit Leaders

Specific tips for how the Performance Imperative framework can be useful to non-profit leaders with organizational budgets of $100,000 and above. (Leap of Reason Ambassadors, 2017)

The Performance Imperative

A Framework for Social-Sector Excellence. A guide to cultivating seven core disciplines of high-performing organizations in order to deliver meaningful, measurable results. (Leap of Reason Ambassadors Community, 2018)

General Philanthropy

Grant Making with a Racial Equity Lens

Explains why a focus on racial equity provides a powerful lens for understanding and advancing philanthropic work, and offers advice on promoting and deepening a commitment to racial equity both internally and externally. (GrantCraft and Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity, 2007)

Grantmakers in Health

A nonprofit, educational organization dedicated to helping foundations and corporate giving programs improve the health of all people. Includes information on health disparities and the social determinants of health

The Foundation Center

A leading source of information about philanthropy that operates research, education, and training programs, and maintains a comprehensive funding database.

Philanthropy Ohio

A statewide membership association that provides the network, tools and knowledge to help people engaged in philanthropy become more effective, powerful change agents.

Grantmakers for Effective Organizations

A nonprofit organization providing resources for grantmakers to improve philanthropy.

Advocacy and Policy

Unique Methods for Advocacy Evaluation

Advocacy evaluations can draw on traditional data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, focus groups, or polling, but its complexity and pace makes data collection challenging. This brief describes four methods adapted to respond to advocacy’s unique measurement challenges and developed to be relevant, timely, and efficient.

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Alliance for Justice

AFJ is the leading expert on the legal framework for nonprofit advocacy efforts, providing definitive information, resources, and technical assistance that encourages organizations and their funding partners to fully exercise their right to be active participants in the democratic process.

The Center for Community Solutions

The Center for Community Solutions is a nonpartisan think tank focused on solutions to health, social and economic issues. Community Solutions’ efforts are critical to the work and effectiveness of direct service organizations in Northeast Ohio.